The 14th Five-Year Plan Of China

Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan

(2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and Vision 2035 of the People's Republic of China


If you can't measure it, you can't manage it.

Main objectives for economic and social development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period :

  • Economic development

  • Innovation-driven

  • People's livelihood and welfare

  • Ecological conservation

  • Security and Safety


China has moved to a stage of development with a focus on quality improvement

Effectively change the development model, work hard for better quality, higher efficiency, and more robust drivers of economic growth


5 Key Indicators

  • Nursery capacity for children under 3 years per 1.000 people (ROC 150% / population)

  • Number of high-value patents per 10,000 people (ROC 90% / Technology)

  • Value-added from core industries in digital economy as a proportion of GDP % (ROC 28%/ Technology)

  • Reduction 18% of CO2 emission per unit of GDP (ecological)

  • Reduction 13.5% of energy consumption per unit of GDP (ecological)


3 Basic Variates

  • Population

  • Ecological

  • Technology


5 Major Directions

  • Innovation and Technology,

  • Digital China

  • Focus on elderly care and child care.

  • Integrated development of urban clusters

  • New energy


The 5 major directions accelerate the expansion of domestic demand and industrial upgrading in two major areas: supply and demand, which anchor efforts to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060



The Supply:


Technology Innovation

Diversify the higher education system with an aim of seeing the gross enrollment ratio rise to 60%

research

overcome dependence

higher value-added


7 Tackling key problems in frontier science and technology

  • New generation of artificial intelligence

  • Quantum information

  • Integrated circuits

  • Brain science and brain-like intelligence technology

  • Genes and biotechnology

  • Clinical medicine and health

  • Deep space, deep earth, deep sea, and polar explorations


Emerging Industries of Strategic Importance, the contribution of such industries to GDP will exceed 17%

China will focus on the new generation of information technology, biotechnology, new energy, new materials, high-end equipment, new energy vehicles, environmental protection, aerospace, marine equipment, and other emerging industries of strategic importance


Upgrading industries

Upgrading the manufacturing industry

Strengthening basic industrial capacities

Promptly resolve bottlenecks and weaknesses in basic spare parts and components, basic software, basic materials, basic processes, and fundamental industrial technology


8 core upgrade areas:

  • High-end new materials

  • Major technical equipment

  • Intelligent manufacturing and robotics

  • Aero engines and gas turbines

  • Beidou industrial applications

  • New energy vehicles and intelligent (connected) vehicles,

  • High-end medical equipment and innovative drugs,

  • Agricultural machinery equipment



Digital China

Digital Economy

Digital Society

Digital Government


Greater integration of digital technology and the real economy will power the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and the development of new industries, new forms of business, and new models, which can be new drivers of economic growth.


7 Major Digital Industries

  • Artificial intelligence

  • Big data

  • Blockchain

  • Cloud computing,

  • Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Industrial Internet

  • Virtual reality (VR) and Augmented reality (AR)


10 Digital Application Scenarios

  • Smart transportation

  • Smart energy

  • Smart manufacturing

  • Smart agriculture and water conservancy

  • Smart education

  • Smart healthcare

  • Smart cultural tourism

  • Smart community

  • Smart home

  • Smart government



The Demand:

Boost domestic demand, promote ecological, healthy and safe development of consumption


Foster new types of consumption patterns

  • Information consumption

  • Digital consumption

  • Green consumption

  • Customization consumption

  • Experience consumption

  • Fashion consumption


Protection and development of China Time-Honored Brands

Enhance the influence and competitiveness of the brands

Prioritize in the 4 major areas:

  • Cosmetics,

  • Clothing,

  • Home textiles,

  • Electronic products, and other consumer goods.


The Population:

Aging Society



Children: childcare issues and child safety issues

Starting from the transformation of urban public resources to ease the burden of parenting

Elderly: the elderly care system developed by home, community, and institution

Focus on community-based, at-home elderly care services

  • Supported by elderly-friendly public facilities,

  • Building a service network for the elderly


About the Urban:

Reform of the household registration system: reduce the restrictions on household registration, reduce the points-based household registration policy by streamlining the points categories


Urban clusters and metropolitan areas:

higher efficiency and lower cost, industrial division of labor and cooperation,infrastructure can be shared, meeting the two cores of efficiency and harmony.


Three steps

Step #1. Give it more for what is already there (strengthen the five major urban agglomerations of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Chengdu-Chongqing, and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River)


Step #2. Make it stronger if it is not strong enough (Shandong Peninsula, the coastal areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Central Plains, Guanzhong Plain, Beibu Gulf, etc.)


Step #3. Let it grow up if it is still small (Harbin Changchun, Central South Liaoning, Central Shanxi, Central Guizhou, Central Yunnan, Hubao Eyu, Lanzhou-Xining, the northern slope of Tianshan Mountain, Ningxia along the Yellow River and other urban clusters)


How to solve high housing prices?

Insist on " housing is for living rather than for speculation"


Four directions:

  • Government responsibility

  • Financial regulation

  • Fax regulation

  • Develop the housing rental market


Rural revitalization

Urban efficiency and green consumption promote the relief of food production pressure, ensure the total area of China’s farmland stay above the red line of 1.8 billion hectares

The construction of the new rural ecology has continuously integrated the primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and rural tourism, homestay economy, and leisure agriculture will be greatly encouraged


China's new energy revolution is spawning a rare super track with 40 years of growth


About Green

  • New Energy

  • Wind power

  • Photovoltaic power generation

  • Distributed energy

  • Offshore wind power

  • Southwest hydropower

  • Coastal nuclear power

The eight clean energy bases will deliver new energy to the eastern region through the UHV grid in the new infrastructure, and then cooperate with the nuclear power and offshore wind power networks along the eastern coast to build a huge new energy network.



The 14th Five-Year Plan Of China




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